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About Ergodicity in the Family of Limacon Billiards

Dullin, Holger R.; Backer, Arnd


Keyword(s): periodic orbitis; bifurcations; ergodicity

Abstract: By continuation from the hyperbolic limit of the cardioid billiard we show that there is an abundance of bifurcations in the family of limacon billiards. The statistics of these bifurcation shows that the size of the stable intervals decreases with approximately the same rate as their number increases with the period. In particular, we give numerical evidence that arbitrarily close to the cardioid there are elliptic islands due to orbits created in saddle node bifurcations. This shows explicitly that if in this one parameter family of maps ergodicity occurs for more than one parameter the set of these parameter values has a complicated structure. Notes: Holger R. Dullin, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leics, LE11 3TU, UK

17 Pages

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